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Mental Disorders, Symptoms, & Treatment Options

Know the signs, symptoms, causes and treatment options for several mental illnesses and disorders.

· Different Disorders

Major Depressive Disorder:

Characterized by persistently depressed mood, loss of interest in activities, difficulty maintaining daily life activities. - Mayo Clinic

Self Harm & Cutting:

Any form of bringing intentional harm to the body in attempt to release and cope with painful emotions. - Mayo Clinic

Suicide & Suicidal Thoughts:

Often in effort to escape suffering that feels inescapable, one may attempt to end their life or become preoccupied with overwhelming urges to do so. - Mayo Clinic

Persistent Depressive Disorder:

(Dysthymia) A chronic, long-lasting form of depression; it may be characterized by lack of interest in usual activities, hopelessness, feelings of inadequacy and mental debilitation. - Mayo Clinic

Bipolar Depression:

Causes unusual and overwhelming shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, concentration, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. - National Institute of Mental Health

Postpartum Depression:

Depression in response to the birth of a baby, can be characterized by crying spells, mood swings, anxiety and difficulty sleeping.- Mayo Clinic

PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome):

A wide variety of symptoms, including mood swings, fatigue, irritability, depression, appetite changes and tender breasts. - Mayo Clinic

Generalized Anxiety Disorder:

Similar to panic disorder and OCD, GAD is often characterized by persistent worrying, overthinking, inability to think rationally and restfully, physical feelings of unrest, and difficulty focusing. - Mayo Clinic

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:

Often characterized by patterns of intrusive, unwanted thoughts and fears that lead to obsessively repetitive behaviors. It can often interfere with daily life and brings great distress.

- Mayo Clinic

Panic Attacks & Panic Disorder:

Sudden episodes of intense fear, triggering severe physical reactions regardless of actual danger or cause. It may feel like loss of control, the “end of the world” or like you may die. - Mayo Clinic


An anxiety disorder that causes fear and avoidance of places r situations that may cause one to feel trapped, helpless, or embarrassed. - Mayo Clinic

Social Anxiety Disorder:

Feelings of significant anxiety, fear, self-consciousness and embarrassment in response to fears of being scrutinized or judged by others. - Mayo Clinic

Anorexia Nervosa:

Characterized by a debilitating obsession with controlling food intake and weight, a fear of gaining weight, food restriction and severe physical and mental symptoms. - Mayo Clinic

Bulimia Nervosa:

A serious disorder often characterized by binges — eating large amounts of food without control — then purging, often by vomiting or over exercising. - Mayo Clinic

Binge Eating Disorder:

An eating disorder characterized by often consuming unusually large amounts of food,and feeling unable to stop eating. - Mayo Clinic


An eating disorder involving unhealthy obsessions with healthy eating. It often revolves around fixating on “pure and good” or “bad and unhealthy” food categories. - NEDA

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder:

A condition triggered by severely traumatizing experiences. It may include flashbacks, nightmares, severe anxiety, and uncontrollable thoughts. - Mayo Clinic


The recurrent inability to resist urges of stealing items, usually ones that are non-essential and of little value. It is rare but serious, and can cause much emotional pain. - Mayo Clinic


A serious mental disorder often characterized by abnormal interpretations of reality. It may result in combinations of hallucination, delusion, extremely disordered thinking, and disordered behavior that can be disabling on a daily basis.- Mayo Clinic

Schizoaffective Disorder:

A combination of schizophrenic symptoms such as hallucination or delusion, and mood disorder symptoms, such as depression and mania.- Mayo Clinic

Narcissistic Personality Disorder:

A mental condition in which people have an inflated sense of their own importance, a deep need for excessive tension or admiration, troubled relationships, an lack of empathy. However, underlying emotions reflect deep insecurity and low self-esteem. - Mayo Clinic

Borderline Personality Disorder:

A disorder often characterized by intense self-image and trust issues, difficulty managing emotions and behaviors, and unstable relationship patterns. - Mayo Clinic

Avoidant Personality Disorder:

A personality disorder characterized by anxious, fearful thinking and isolation to avoid criticism or rejection. - Mayo Clinic

Paranoia and Delusional Disorders:

A personality disorder characterized by unjustified feelings of distrust, dishonesty and potential threat from others, hesitancy to confide in others and feelings that others have harmful ulterior motives. - Mayo Clinic

Dependent Personality Disorder:

A personality disorder characterized by becoming emotionally overdependent on other people and trying to please others. DPD victims may display needy, clingy, passive behaviors and fear separation. - Mayo Clinic

Alcoholism & Alcohol Use Disorder:

A pattern of alcohol use that involves immense difficulty with controlling or stopping drinking, being preoccupied with alcohol, having withdrawal symptoms, and impacts on daily lif and relationships. - Mayo Clinic

Drug addiction (Substance Use Disorder):

A disease that affects a person’s brain and behavior ad leads to an inability to control the use of drugs. A person with an addiction will often continue using the drug despite its negative impacts on their health and overall wellbeing. (Alcohol, nicotine and marijuana are considered drugs as well) - Mayo Clinic

Attention Deficit & Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):

Prominent in both children and adults, ADHD is a mental disorder that is often characterized by hyperactivity and impulsive behavior, difficulty focusing, and trouble managing emotions or time. It can lead to issues like unstable relationships, poor work performance, and low self esteem. - Mayo Clinic

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD):

A mental disorder often characterized by difficulty attending to instruction, focusing on schoolwork, managing assignments or emotions, and social interaction complications. - Mayo Clinic

Intellectual Disabilities:

A large, diverse spectrum often characterized by limits to a person’s ability to learn at an expected level and function in daily life. - CDC

Autism Spectrum Disorder:

A diversely identified brain development condition that impacts a person’s socialization and perception of others, often causing communicative and interactive struggle. It also includes limited and repetitive patterns of behavior. The term “spectrum” in the diagnoses refers to the diverse ranges of symptoms and severity. - Mayo Clinic


A common sleep disorder that brings significant trouble falling/ staying asleep, and inconsistent rest that may result in poor health, work performance, and life quality. - Mayo Clinic


A chronic sleep disorder characterized by overwhelming daytime drowsiness and sudden attacks of sleep. Patients often struggle to stay awake for long periods of time, causing serious disruptions in daily life. - Mayo Clinic

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